Essay on Guru Tegh Bahadur


It is with great pleasure that we present the English essay “Essay on Guru Tegh Bahadur” in which we will learn about Guru Tegh Bahadur in detail. Let us begin with the essay now.

Essay on Guru Teg Bahadur Ji in English 150 Words

When he was a child, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was named Tyagmal. He was trained in martial arts, swordsmanship, and horseback riding. He married Mata Gujri in 1633 and moved to the village of Bakola in 1656 where he spent much of his time praying and contemplating.

Tegh Bahadur, despite being able to fight alongside his father in various battles, chose a path of renunciation and meditation. Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth guru of the Sikhs, following in the footsteps of the first guru.

He composed 115 hymns in Guru Granth Sahib, dug wells, built dharmshalas, among other contributions. He composed 115 poetic hymns about economic and social issues in the Guru Granth Sahib.

Apart from these principles, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji also taught the principles of Guru Nanak, such as Naam, charity, and bathing. Guru ji believed that one should always pray to God while getting up, sitting, and sleeping at eight o’clock sixty-four hours.

Essay on Guru Tegh Bahadur
Essay on Guru Tegh Bahadur

Guru Tegh Bahadur Essay in English 250 Words

Guru Tegh Bahadur was born in Amritsar, Punjab, India, on 21 April 1621. His parents named him “Tyaga Mal.” Guru Tegh Bahadur is regarded as the 9th among 10 Gurus who laid the foundation of the Sikh religion and was the leader of Sikhs from 1665 until he was beheaded in 1675. Guru Tegh Bahadur was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind Sahib, the sixth Sikh guru.

After Guru Tegh Bahadur married Gujari in 1633, they moved to Bakala (a village) where Tegh Bahadur devoted a lot of time to contemplation and prayer. In addition to swordsmanship, martial arts, archery, and horseback riding, Guru Tegh Bahadur also trained in archery and horseback riding.

While he mastered the arts and fought alongside his father in many battles, he chose the path of meditation and renunciation (The Path of Spirituality) instead.

Besides 115 poetic hymns, Guru Tegh Bahadur also wrote the Saloks, 116 shabads and 15 ragas. They can all be found in the Guru Granth Sahib. Also, he contributed greatly to human welfare. He made an important contribution to the social, economic, spiritual spheres of society as well.


He was a wise man, a generous man, a brave man, and a very courageous person.

In the war against the Mughals, he proved his bravery and valor at the age of 14. His dad became impressed with his bravery and changed the name of his son from Tyaga Mal to Tegh Bahadur.

Besides Hindi, Punjabi, and Sanskrit, Guru Tegh Bahadur knew a number of other languages as well. He founded Anandpur Sahib in Punjab in 1665, a city dedicated to the study and meditation of Hinduism.  Guru Tegh Bahadur preached Guru Nanak’s teachings to many places, including Dhaka and Assam, for more than twenty years.


The selfless martyr Guru Tegh Bahadur sacrificed his life for the welfare of the people. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb beheaded Guru Tegh Bahadur on 24 November 1675 because he refused to accept the authority of the Mughal Emperor at Chandni Chowk, Delhi. On the spot where he was beheaded in 1783, Gurdwara Sis-Ganj-Sahib was built.

Essay on Guru Tegh Bahadur
Essay on Guru Tegh Bahadur

Essay on Guru Teg Bahadur ji in English 500 Words

India’s history is filled with tales of valor and stories and sacrifices of many such great men. Those memories always motivate us to contribute to this country. The act of sacrifice for one’s religion is everyone’s duty, but sacrificing for others’ faith is only the story of Guru Tegh Bahadur.


As the ninth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur followed in the footsteps of the first Guru, Guru Nanak Dev. He composed 115 texts. When Kashmiri Pandits and other Hindus were forcibly converted to Islam, Guru Tegh Bahadur opposed it. As a result of refusing to accept Islam, he was beheaded by Aurangzeb in 1675 AD.

This place reminds us of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s sacrifice for human values, ideals, and culture. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji was assassinated at the Gurdwara Sheesh Ganj Sahib and Gurdwara Rakab Ganj Sahib.

The fifth son of Guru Hargobind Singh, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, was born in Amritsar, in Punjab. His childhood name was Tyagamal. When he was 14, he fought alongside his father against the Mughals. When his father recognized his courage, he named him Tegh Bahadur.

As part of his outreach, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji visited many places to spread out his teachings. He visited Prayag, Banaras, Patna, Assam, and more. He did economic, religious, and social work in each place. He shared knowledge of spirituality and religion in each place.

His philanthropic works included digging wells and building dharamshalas. A son was born to Guruji in 1666, and this son was named Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru.

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji’s Birth and Childhood

Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji was born at Guru-ke-Mahal (Amritsar) on April 1, 1621, to Guru Hargobind and Nanaki. Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji was very calm and kind to the world around him. He had a very kind and soft heart.

His nature was very polite and simple. Guru Tegh Bahadur was greatly loved by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. People used to say, “He had a divine identity from birth” about Tegh Bahadur.

Training and education

Tegh Bahadur was considered very brave and benevolent by Guru Hargobind, so he made sure he was trained in all the necessary ways. He was handed over to Bhai Gurdas ji for literacy (different education). Then he was sent to Baba Budha ji to learn about labor and virtues.

Bhai Jethaji taught scripture. Tegh Bahadur ji also studied Gurbani extensively. Your Shastri education was also very well received by Father Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji. When Guru Hargobind ji was a young boy, he used to say that his son would certainly be rich one day in running the teg, which he did, keeping both his devotion and power intact.

Guru Hargobind’s war preparations

From the Akal Takht, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji ordered that all Sikhs offer arms and horses as the only items in the offering when confronting the Mughals.

The Guru wore two swords, Meeri and Piri (of power and devotion). Four heavy battles were fought by Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

  • At the age of seven, Guru Tegh Bahadur took part in the first battle at Amritsar, in which Guruji defeated 7,000 Muslim soldiers.
  • Guru Hargobind defeated the Mughal army of 15,000 in the second battle.
  • Guru Sahib ji defeated 35,000 Muslim soldiers at Nathawa in Malwa, his third battle.
  • At Kartarpur Sahib, Guru Tegh Bahadur was 13 years old when he fought against Nawab Painde Khan’s army of one lakh, but he wielded his sword with his father and fought valiantly.

Guru Hargobind and his family migrated to Kiratpur Sahib after these wars.

Guru Tegh Bahadur’s marriage

In March 1622, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji married the daughter of Lal Chand and Mata Bishan Kaur at Kartarpur Sahib after being engaged there. Sikh history is said to be shaped by the life of Mata Gujri ji, a martyr.

Her husband, Guru Gobind Singh, had four grandchildren, Baba Ajit Singh, Baba Jujhar Singh, Baba Zorawar Singh, Baba Fateh Singh Shaheed, and his brother Kripal Chand, who was also martyred. It is because of this that she is considered the greatest Sikh woman.

Guru Tegh Bahadur’s Bakale residence

Guru Tegh Bahadur ji and his mother Nanaki arrived at his maternal grandmother Bakale after Guru Hargobind ji’s death. During his lifetime, he did bhakti in solitude in a kutcha.

He was always thinking about how to change the destiny of the country, and how to protect the welfare of the people and religion. He spent 26 years, 9 months, and 13 days doing penance at Bhora Sahib.

Prakash Utsav of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

The Guru Tegh Bahadur Prakash Utsav is observed in April and is a festival of great pomp and celebration for the entire Sikh Community. Many devotees visit Sheesh Ganj Gurdwara during this Gurpurab to seek the blessings of Guru ji during this festival.

Martyrdom Day of Guru Tegh Bahadur

Sikh Sangat celebrates Guru Tegh Bahadur Martyrdom Day on November 11 with a lot of devotion. Guru Tegh Bahadur’s teachings are remembered in every Gurudwara, from Sheesh Ganj to the world over.


Many of such great men have contributed to the history of India with tales of valor and sacrifice. Those memories always inspire us to contribute to our country. We all have the duty to sacrifice for our faith, but we can only remember Guru Tegh Bahadur for his sacrifice for the faith of others.

Taking the name of God makes the tongue pure. We hope you have gained some information about Guru Ki from reading this blog.

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