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One of the twenty most important and urgent global issues in the 21st century is preventing natural disasters and reducing their impact. There is an increase and severity of this issue that makes it necessary to implement global procedures to reduce disasters… repeating disasters have forced the international community to take responsibility for them.
Essay on How To Prevent Natural Disasters 150 Words
It is simply a sudden event or happening that can either be natural or man-made and may result in damage or loss of life to the surrounding environment. Disaster Management was established in order to promote preparedness and better response to unforeseen events that can cause harm to people and the environment.
Designing and planning efficient ways to deal with natural and man-made disasters is the purpose of Disaster Management. As part of this central function, the situation must be better controlled, evaluated immediately, medical aids and transports should be called up, food and drink supplies are provided, among other things, and the surroundings must be protected from further harm and remain lawful throughout the entire process. With climate change prevalent in the contemporary scenario, disaster management has gained further importance, as shown by the unprecedented wildfires in Australia.
As a result, the planet is becoming overwhelmed by technological devices, and their impact on climate and the environment cannot be avoided. As a consequence, disaster management has become an essential part of every country’s efforts to become efficient and prepared for natural as well as man-made disasters.
Essay on How To Prevent Natural Disasters 250 Words
The human and economic costs of disasters are tremendous. They may result in thousands of deaths, severe injuries, and food shortages. Depending on the nature and duration of the disaster, most severe injuries and deaths occur during the impact, while disease outbreaks and food shortages often occur much later.
In order to minimize the impact of disasters, it is important to anticipate their potential consequences before they strike. A community’s emergency response capability is ultimately tested during disasters. Three major steps must be taken to manage disasters, including pre-disaster preparation, during disaster preparation, and post-disaster preparation.
In pre-disaster management, information and data about disasters are collected, vulnerability zones are prepared, and people are made aware of them. The vulnerable areas have to take other steps to prevent disasters, such as disaster planning, preparedness, and prevention measures.
As part of emergency rescue and relief operations, victims are evacuated, shelters and relief camps are built, water, food, clothing, and medical aids are provided. It is crucial to conduct such operations on an emergency basis. Following disasters, victims should be rehabilitated and recovered. To cope with future disasters, capacity building is important.
Due to the vulnerability of about two-thirds of India’s geographical area and equal number of its people to disasters, these measures are especially important for it. In addition to passing the disaster management bill and establishing the National Institute of Disaster Management, the Indian Government has taken some steps to manage disasters.
Essay on How To Prevent Natural Disasters 500 Words
A natural disaster is any natural event that adversely affects human socioeconomic conditions. This would refer to accidents other than those caused by humans, such as earthquakes, floods, or volcanic eruptions. A natural phenomenon that is considered harmful only because it is accompanied by man-made physical systems.
There are many types of natural disasters, but their spread and impacts vary from country to country because man-made structures, settlements and movements are perishable in nature.
In developing countries of the world, disasters cause a greater number of deaths and property losses than in developed countries, because developing countries are more destructively vulnerable than developed countries are more likely to suffer a disaster. Natural disasters are more likely to affect people in developing countries than they are in developed countries, naturally.
Natural disasters are defined in terms of risk as the possibility of changes in the natural environment in a given area during a given period of time. The associated risk is the loss of life, property, or government activities following the event.
There has been an increase in major disasters since 1980, but the number of deaths due to disasters has declined to about 7%, while resource losses have decreased.
Natural disasters can be classified into the following types
The most common types of natural disasters are as follows:
- Storms, cyclones, thunderstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes, droughts, etc., are atmospheric disasters caused by atmospheric processes.
- The Exogenetic Disasters caused by surface processes (such as erosion and groundwater pollution) are the Surface Exogenetic Disasters.
- Natural Disasters caused by endogenous underground processes (earthquakes and volcanic eruptions) often overshadow the effects of endogenous underground catastrophes.
It is possible to identify natural disasters with seven key characteristics, namely the extent of event, the number of events, the duration, the aerial range, the onset speed, the spatial radiation, and the time interval between events.
The prevention of natural disasters and the management of them
It is essential to understand why natural disasters occur before we can prevent them. Natural phenomena cannot be stopped, but we can make them less damaging if we understand why they happen, and what we can do to prevent or mitigate them. Though most people are not directly responsible for natural disasters, they are indirectly responsible for many.
Natural Disasters can be reduced by following these tips
Science has yet to discover a cure for natural disasters. Only caution can minimize the effects of natural disasters, and it is equally true that different human civilizations also contribute to these disasters.
The growing trend of drought around the world can be mentioned in this context as a means of preventing some natural disasters by imposing some control on those self-destructive actions. The tendency of drought will increase as the earth is filled with wetlands and deforestation continues.
As a result, the global trend will also increase tremendously if we artificially control the flow of the river by building dams. Human beings must therefore immediately engage in their civilization’s development activities while keeping the environment in mind.
There have been a variety of national and international initiatives to prevent natural disasters around the world. Several governmental and non-governmental organizations are working around the world to protect the environment, while continental organizations have been established to provide early warnings of earthquakes, tsunamis, and catastrophic storms.
Currently, well-wishers throughout the world understand that if the environment is protected, people will be protected from disaster. This is why a huge campaign is taking place to protect the environment all over the world. Numerous international celebrities are participating in this campaign on a constant basis.
Each country has also formed disaster response teams at the national level, seeking to protect people from devastated areas through natural disaster response.
Thousands of people are killed each year by natural disasters, homes and infrastructure are destroyed, and money is lost. It is each of our responsibility to prevent these tragedies from taking place.