Our government has sanctioned a New Education Policy for the National Education System in July 2020, following a 34-year gap. Through the enhancement of students’ thinking and creative abilities, the New Education Policy aims to make the learning process more efficient.
This essay on the New Education Policy will help you understand the topic in detail. It contains several changes in the school level and higher education.
New Education Policy 2020 Essay 150 Words
It is the aim of this new policy to have universal educational coverage from preschool to secondary school level in order to achieve the goal of a 100% GRE (Gross Enrollment Ratio) in schooling by the year 2030.
The purpose of this essay on the new education policy 2020 is to highlight the changes brought about by this new policy. First of all, the policy proposes to open Indian higher education at foreign universities.
In order to make India a global knowledge superpower, this government is introducing a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate program with various exit opportunities. Therefore, this new policy will strive to make the country a global knowledge superpower in the near future.
In the same way, the policy also aims to ensure that all universities and colleges in India will be multi-disciplinary by the year 2020. Last but not least, the policy aims to enhance employment opportunities in the country and also reorganize the educational system in a fundamental manner.
New Education Policy 2020 Essay 250 words
Despite being announced in 2020, this educational policy was implemented in 2022. Because of this, it is called the NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2022 by most people. In 1986, the Indian government introduced an education policy that was 34 years old. This policy, NEP 2022, replaces it.
The education system used to rely heavily on subject-centered teaching before the new education policy was adopted. Many government institutions felt it necessary to change the education policy significantly.
Therefore, a committee was constituted to investigate the gaps and issues in the previous education policy. Government received the Committee’s recommendations report in 2019.
In this regard, the government decided to bring major changes to the education system. It is now designed to assist students in pursuing multidisciplinary career paths according to their abilities and interests.
What is the goal of the new education policy?
- A new education policy is aimed at imparting quality education and focusing on the all-round development of students.
- Higher education is also aiming to increase its Gross Enrollment Ratio.
- A greater portion of students will enroll in vocational courses to increase the overall Gross Enrollment Ratio.
- The education policy would also focus on universalizing education from pre-nursery to secondary school.
Principles of New Education Policy
New education policy consists of the following principles:
- The goal is to promote quality education.
- Children’s inner capabilities should be recognized and strengthened.
- Students’ overall development should be encouraged.
- The country’s literacy rate and enrollment rate are increasing.
- To give students the opportunity to select any subject or course they want.
- Language learning should be encouraged in students.
- Educate students in moral and ethical values.
- Autonomy and empowerment are essential for encouraging youth to think outside of the box.
Essay on New Education Policy 2020 in 500 Words
India’s government has formulated a new education policy that aims to achieve the policy initiatives by 2030. This is a complete overhaul of the current policy, which was implemented in 1986. Rather than rote learning procedures, it emphasizes the child’s self-capabilities and concept-based learning.
In the National Education Policy, the framework for teaching and learning is outlined
- National Education Policy 1986 has been replaced by the current policy.
- The New Education Policy was first discussed by the committee under TSR Subramanian’s leadership in January 2015. In 2017, the committee submitted a report on its findings.
- Using the 2017 report as a basis, the new team led by former ISRO chief Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan presented a draft of the National Education Policy in 2019.
- After consulting with stakeholders and the public, the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced its drafted New Education Policy.
- On 29 July 2020, a New Education Policy was implemented.
New Education Policy: Transformations in Structure
Education at school
The 10+2 module will be replaced by the 5+3+3+4 model. The execution will take place as follows:
- Foundational Stage – This includes three years of preschool.
- Stage Preparatory – Classes 3-5, 8-11 years of age.
- Middle Stage – The middle stage will comprise classes 6-8 with ages 11-14.
- Secondary Stage – Class 9-12 will have ages 14-19. These four years will allow students to choose from a variety of disciplines. One discipline is not required.
- Examinations for grades 3, 5, and 8 are only required thrice.
- In order to assess students’ performance, “PARAKH” should be established as an assessment body.
- With a flexible exit policy, the bachelor’s programme will be four years long. A year course will provide a certificate, a two-year diploma, a three-year bachelor’s degree, and a four-year course will integrate research findings and research work related to the subject matter.
- This will replace AICTE and UGC with the Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC).
- Common entrance exams for universities and colleges, as well as NEET and JEE, are the responsibility of the national testing agency.
- Courses for Master of Philosophy to be discontinued, as they were intermediate courses between Masters and Doctoral programs.
- To foster innovation and research, the National Research Foundation (NRA) will be created.
- We encourage foreign universities to establish campuses here in our country as well as vice versa.
Teacher’s Education and Recruitment
- It was essential for teaching due to the 4-year integrated B.Ed program.
- Teachers should be trained on various teaching aids through workshops.
- Students are highly dependent on teachers, who play a centralized role in their development. Transparency in teacher recruitment processes is necessary.
Beneficial Impacts of the New Education Policy
- Children with inborn talents can develop their talents with this program, since it stresses their self-capability and cognitive skills.
- The students had the option of selecting only one subject earlier, but now they can choose from a variety of subjects, for instance – they can study mathematics alongside art and craft.
- The importance of treating all subjects equally.
- With the inculcation of innovative ideas, the main purpose is to develop the power of interaction, critical thinking, and reasoning ability in the students.
- Bachelor’s courses with multiple exits offer students the opportunity to gain experience and develop skills while working somewhere in the meantime and continuing their studies later.
- According to the new education policy, practicing a subject is considered a better way to understand it as it is considered a more effective way of learning it.
- By 2040, all institutions and higher education institutes will be multidisciplinary.
The essay on the New Education Policy concludes by stating that the policy is an essential initiative that will greatly contribute to the growth of our country and society as a whole.
Nevertheless, with a youth-dominated population, India is capable of truly achieving a better state with the proper implementation of this education policy. However, the implementation of this policy will greatly determine its success.