Disposable plastics are used only once before being thrown away or recycled. Plastic pollution is continuously being addressed during the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. There are many examples of single plastics, including coffee stirrers, food packets, plastic bags, and water bottles, that pose a significant threat to human health and the environment.
Plastic waste is burned, seafood is contaminated, and dangerous plastics are formed when single-use plastics are consumed.
Essay on Single Use Plastic 150 Words
There are disposable items made from plastic such as plastic bottles, bottle caps, food wrappers, straws and polythene bags. Plastic products are designed for single use and meant to be thrown away after use.
Plastic containers, straws, coffee stirrers, soft drink and water bottles, and most food packaging are examples of single-use or throwaway plastics. They are discarded or recycled after only one use. Only 10% to 13% of plastic products globally are recycled. About 300 million tonnes of plastic are produced annually, and half of it is discarded.
It is difficult to recycle disposable plastic derived from petroleum because of its nature; new virgin ingredients and chemicals must be added, and recovered plastic can only be used for a limited number of products.
The toxicity of plastics causes the environment to suffer for 1,000 years. Plastic bags do not break completely, but rather photo-degrade, become microplastics, and absorb toxins.
Around 7,30,000 tons of wraps, sacks, and bags were produced in the United States in 2015; 87% of them ended up in landfills and the oceans.
Essay On Single Use Plastic 250 Words
According to the Center, “single-use plastic” will cease to be used on July 1. Earlier this year, the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change had already announced the restriction that would be in place next month.
According to the Ministry, polythene bags smaller than 75 microns were already prohibited by September 2021; previously, 50 microns had been the maximum. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) will also prohibit polythene bags smaller than 120 microns beginning in December.
- Sticks for balloons
- Ice cream and candy sticks
- Plates, cups, glasses, forks, spoons, knives, trays and other cutlery
- Boxes of sweets
- Cards for invitations
- Cigarette packs
- Under 100 micron PVC banners
- Decorative polystyrene
Also prohibited are sachets used to dispense or package gutkha, tobacco, or pan masala in accordance with the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.
Implementation of the ban
As well as the Center’s Center’s Center Pollution Control Board, which will submit regular reports to the Center, the ban will be monitored by the SPCBs.
The government has instructed all petrochemical companies, at both the national and state levels, to refrain from supplying raw materials to businesses that manufacture prohibited goods, for instance.
SPCBs and Pollution Control Committees have also been instructed on how to change or cancel permissions to operate granted under the Air/Water Act to businesses that make single-use plastics.
According to a court order, local governments must issue new commercial licences that prohibit SUP products from being sold on their premises, and revoke any permits that are already in place if they are found to be doing so.
Essay on Single Use Plastic 500 Words in English
A store that lets customers bring their own carry bags can save money on Single Use Plastics products, which is important for the environment. Promoting reusable products can be beneficial to the environment and could be cost-effective as well.
Moreover, consumers benefit from it as they do not have to pay extra for the bags. These days, cotton, jute, and non-woven polypropylene bags are trending. In addition to being handy, these bags can store large volumes of products.
Single-Use Plastic Facts
Plastic bags were first banned in California in 2014. One hundred twenty-seven countries have laws prohibiting the use of plastics. A total of 1.9 million bags and plastics were collected during the 2018 International Coastal Cleanup.
One of the essential microorganisms, Prochlorococcus, is inhibited by chemicals released from plastics. Approximately 365 plastic bags are used per person per year in America. In Denmark, people operate four plastic bags per year.
Single-use plastics’ negative impacts
A high level of toxicity is found in plastic additives:
Flame retardants can be found in electronic equipment, plasticizers can be found in PVC, and BPAs can be found in food and beverage containers.
Kills Aquatic Life and Contaminates Oceans:
Millions of aquatic lives are ended when marine animals ingest plastic debris or get stuck, which results in suffocation and drowning. SUP is composed of marine debris.
Life of SUP is Hundred Years:
The majority of plastics are non-biodegradable, and they may take hundreds of years to decay, contaminating the environment for decades to come.
In India, single-use plastic is a major problem
Narendra Modi has announced a plan to eliminate single-use plastics in the environment by 2022. The impact of plastic littering is recognized all around the world as a major cause of pollution.
The Government has become aware that plastic has a negative effect on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Addressing this pollution menace has become a necessity for the Government.
The Central Government of India and the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) recently came up with a resolution about single-use plastic, recognizing the need for global cooperation to address the issue.
As a member of the state delegation at the recently held 5th session of the United Nations Environment Assembly, India tried to reach a consensus on global action against plastic pollution as part of the state delegation. As part of its efforts, the Central Government is also creating an ecosystem that will enable the presence of alternative solutions across the country.
From 1st July 2022, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change issued the plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules.
With effect from 1st July 2022, these single plastic items with minimal utility and immense littering capacities are prohibited from being imported, manufactured, stocked, sold, distributed, and used.
Polystyrene (thermocol) for decorations, candy sticks, earbuds with plastic sticks, plastic flags, and balloon sticks. PVC banners (less than 100 meters) that are used for wrapping sweet boxes, invitation cards, plate cups, glasses, or cigarette packets.
The stocking, selling, and use of plastics, manufacture, import, and distribution of carry bags with a thickness less than 75 microns have been prohibited from 31st September 2021. Several states and union territories have already issued notifications/orders banning single-use plastics or carry bags as part of their regulations.
A ban on single-use plastics was issued in accordance with the Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules and will go into effect on July 1, 2022. CPCB has prepared a comprehensive plan to ensure that the ban is enforced properly and smoothly.
In order to transition from the production of single-use plastics (SUP) to other alternatives, the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises will assist MSME units involved.
The programs will provide infrastructure support and technology upgrades, as well as awareness and marketing support in accordance with the scheme’s rules and regulations. The CPCB has taken measures to reduce raw material supply.
If someone violates the ban, they will be subject to a fine of up to 1 lakh or a five-year prison sentence under the Environmental Protection Act 1986.
Municipal corporations in the cities have laws regarding plastic and impose penalties through their law codes, so violators will also be instructed to compensate the State Pollution Control Board (SPCB) for environmental damages.
Countries that have banned plastic
US – There are eight states in the United States that ban single-use plastic (SUP). Seattle was the first city to prohibit plastic straw use in 2018. California joined the list in 2014.
Bangladesh- The first country to ban thin plastic bags was Bangladesh in 2002.
China – Plastic bags are no longer allowed in the country and the ban was implemented in phases starting in 2020.
New Zealand – A ban was imposed on July 2019 by New Zealand.
Europe Union – EU directives were released on SUP in July 2021, which involve some SUP for which alternatives exist. SUP materials such as straws, cotton placed, and cutlery are prohibited from the EU’s markets. Products made of ox-degradable plastics and beverages and foods composed of extended polystyrene are also subject to the same condition.
Ban on plastic bags: Negative Effects
- Manufacturers do not benefit from it.
- There will be a reduction in the number of manufacturing workers.
- Purchasing eco-friendly and expensive carry bags is not feasible, and there is no suitable alternative to plastic bags on the market at the moment.
Ban on plastic bags: Positive Effects
Plastic bag ban boosts economy:
Reusable bag manufacturers will be in high demand after a ban on plastic bags.
Litter Picking Costs Tax Money:
The government has to hire special crews to collect plastic bags from beaches, roads, and societies. They have to spend a lot of money recycling them. This ban allows them to use the money in a more productive manner.
There Will Be No Problems With Drainage Infrastructure:
The drainage system had been clogged by plastic bags, leading to massive problems as a result of the problem.
The plastic commonly used in bottles, bags and food containers contains chemical additives such as endocrine disruptors, which are associated with negative health effects in humans and wildlife, including cancer, birth defects, and suppression of the immune system.
This move is intended to increase carry bag thickness in anticipation that they will become valuable enough to be collected from the streets and dumps soon. Plastic waste is channeled to both formal and informal recycling facilities by an army of garbage collectors.