The human body is made up of approximately 60-70% water. Water is an essential element for survival. Water Pollution is a kind of pollution in which the water bodies are polluted by dumped wastes, chemicals, and toxic materials which make them unfit or undesirable for human or animal use.
We all are made up of water, even our bones have water inside of them. So it becomes very important to save water from pollution. Water Pollution should be prevented by making certain rules and regulations.
In this essay, we’ll talk about this critical problem of water pollution in four sets of different essays of 150, 250, 350 and 500 words. The essays provided are in easy and simple language for the kids, students and children to understand and improve their writing skills.
Water Pollution Essay in English 150 Words
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies that makes them unfit for use. Approximately 71-73 per cent of the Earth is covered with water. Water is present everywhere our eyes go. Humans and animals themselves are made up of water.
Water Pollution is a very serious problem which needs to be dealt with. Water Pollution leads to other types of pollution too like several Industries dump their waste materials or sewage directly into fresh water lakes or rivers which causes Water Pollution.
The waste materials from the water can go to the land and make the soil infertile preventing the trees from growing healthy. The situation of water pollution has become very bad. The aquatic organisms and plants are dying on a large scale, dead fishes are found floating on the river banks and dead plants decay down the water making it more infectious.
Thus, preventive measures should be taken against this problem of water pollution and pollutants should be dealt with in an organised way so that they do not harm the surrounding.
Essay on Water Pollution in 250 Words
Water pollution comes under the category of environmental pollution which basically means the pollution of the water bodies present around us. Water is the most crucial part of the Earth and living beings’ lives for their survival. Human beings are made up of approximately 60-70 per cent water. Water is an essential thing for basic survival.
Water is present everywhere a person can reach and even beyond that. Pollutants like toxic materials, industrial wastes, fertilisers, bacteria, viruses, pesticides, pharmaceutical products, nitrates, phosphates, plastics, faecal waste and even radioactive substances pollute the water bodies badly.
They have such a drastic effect on the water that the water changes its colour and becomes very harmful to drink. It becomes the most toxic to aquatic life as it makes the oxygen in water toxic and the plants die due to the pollutants present in the water.
Most of the Water Pollution is caused due to human activities. There are a number of diseases caused by water pollution, including typhoid, poliomyelitis, cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis and many other diseases.
By creating types of machinery, factory plants and industries without their proper disposal system, the toxic pollutants are continuously spoiling the water bodies and the atmospheric air making it harmful and toxic. Industries are dumping their waste directly in the lakes or rivers without treatment of disposal.
It is our duty to protect the environment and ourselves from these harsh consequences. These wastes and toxic pollutants must be properly treated and should not be dumped into the water bodies as they contaminate it and have a deteriorating effect on the organisms living in it.
Essay on Water Pollution 350 Words
Water Pollution refers to the contamination or deterioration of the water bodies like seas, rivers, lakes, ponds and oceans with toxic wastes and harmful byproducts. Water constitutes approximately 71 per cent of the Earth’s surface. It is the most essential thing for living and survival.
The human body itself is made up of 60-70 per cent water. These pollutants present in water make the water unfit for human or animal consumption and cause severe diseases like typhoid, cholera, hepatitis, etc. Some of the sources of water pollution are – Industrial Wastes, Water from Sewage, Domestic Wastes, Pesticides and Fertilisers.
India is not a fully developed country, most of the industries here do not have a proper disposal system or treatment plants for the waste materials of the industry. So they dump it directly into the nearby rivers or lakes without considering the effect of those toxic chemicals on the living organisms in the water.
These pollutants have such a drastic effect on the water that the water changes its colour and texture and becomes toxic. Then these waste materials from the water can go to the land and make the soil infertile preventing the trees from growing healthy.
That’s how water pollution causes soil pollution as well. In some cases, sewages are directly linked to the rivers and their waste is dumped into it. Some of the major pollutants spoiling the water bodies are – pharmaceutical products, nitrates, phosphates, plastics, faecal waste, radioactive substances, insecticides, pesticides, and industrial and domestic wastes.
Only drinking water which is also known as Potable water is considered as safe for drinking because water from the seas or rivers is spoiled with toxins which may cause severe diseases. Moreover, the ecosystem will be eradicated if we do not regularly keep a check on the pollutants in river bodies.
Survival is a necessity and here water is that necessity which we need to save and prevent from the deteriorating effects of the pollutants. To avoid this problem of pollution, we can spread awareness and take initiatives in order to stop these toxic chemicals without treatment going into the water.
If everyone works together, this matter would be taken more seriously by the government and it will change the processes and the world will become a better place to live.
Essay on Water Pollution 500 Words
Water pollution is a type of environmental pollution in which toxic substances like microorganisms and harmful chemicals enter the river bodies or estuaries and make the water unfit for living, consumption, swimming, cleaning, cooking and other activities.
Pollutants deteriorate the streams, rivers, seas, aquifers, lakes and oceans and sometimes cause the death of aquatic life like fishes, bugs and plants present in the water. It causes further diseases to the people who eat fish or any other seafood because of the toxins present in the seafood due to pollution.
Water is a crucial part for living. Humans themselves are made up of water. The human body constitutes about 60-70 per cent of the water. The brain and heart are composed of 73% water, and the lungs are about 83% water. 64% of the water is present in the human skin, muscles and kidneys have 79% of water, and even the bones have water in them, approximately 31%. The Earth is filled with approximately 71 per cent of water.
Saving water from pollution is a necessary step for our life. Water Pollution causes the water to become inadequate for drinking and can cause cholera, dysentery, typhoid, diarrhoea, hepatitis and poliomyelitis. Some of the sources of water pollution are – Industrial Wastes, Water from Sewage, Domestic Wastes, Pesticides and Fertilisers.
After air pollution, the next thing which is having a drastic effect on the environment is water pollution. There are five types of Water Pollution :
- Chemical Pollution – Chemicals are the most common pollutants responsible for infiltrating underground resources as well as water bodies. These chemicals include insecticides, pesticides and fertilizers which are used in the agricultural sector.
- Groundwater Pollution – As mentioned above, chemicals like pesticides and fertilizers can seep directly into the ground and contaminate the underwater river and waterbeds.
- Nutrient Pollution – Fertilizers contain a high amount of nutrients, they cause algal blooming to grow and invade water bodies which stops the growth of other organisms by blocking the sunrays from entering the water.
- Microbiological Pollution – It is a naturally caused pollution. Many types of microorganisms like bacteria, viruses, and protozoa are usually present in the water bodies which makes the water inadequate to drink and causes several diseases like bilharzia and cholera.
- Surface Water Pollution – Improper Industrial wastes such as plastic, rubbers and oil which are discarded directly into the water bodies cause surface pollution. These pollutants neither dissolve in the water nor mix with any other molecules because of their big size and therefore cause pollution.
Water Pollution leads to other types of pollution too several Industries dump their waste materials or sewage directly into freshwater lakes or rivers which causes Water Pollution. The waste materials from the water can go to the land and make the soil infertile preventing the trees from growing healthy.
Therefore, this problem needs to be handled carefully and prevent the pollutants from spreading and causing the eradication of the ecosystem. People have to get together and find ways to make this problem go away and stop diseases from spreading.
To avoid this problem of pollution, we can spread awareness and take initiatives in order to stop these toxic chemicals without treatment going into the water.
The problem of water pollution is getting out of hand day by day. In order to save the ecosystem from eradication and life on Earth, we need to take initiatives for the betterment of the water bodies and the environment. We must make this world a better place to live in so that our future generations do not have to suffer from diseases and lack of potable water.
If everyone worked together, this matter would be taken more seriously by the government and proper actions would be taken against this critical problem. I hope this article helped you in finding what you were looking for.